Online Introductory Chemistry
Prerequisite: Basic algebra
Dr. Walt Volland: revised May 10, 2014
Basic topics

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Course content (General course outline) This is a basic list of the main topics included in the course. There are additional concepts, lecture topics and material that will be included. This is a central set of topics that will be studied. The list does not exactly match the chronology or sequence that will be followed in class. The actual sequence will be slightly different depending on how the course discussion, etc goes.

1. Chemical Terms and Measurements
A. What is Chemistry?
B. Matter and energy
C. Scientific method
D. Classification of matter
E. Elements & compounds
F. Chemical versus physical change

2. Measurements
A. Metric and SI units, prefixes, origin
B. Significant figures definition and use
C. Units and reliability of measurements
D. Scientific notation / exponential notation
E. Conversion factors and dimensional analysis
F. Temperature scales, potential energy, kinetic energy
G. Density and intensive properties

3. Chemical Elements, Radioactivity, Radiation & Half life and the Periodic Table
A. Atomic structure, atomic nucleus, subatomic particles, neutrons, electrons, protons
B. Isotopes, atomic masses, mass number, atomic number,
C. Metals, nonmetals, metalloids
D. Energy levels, hydrogen spectrum and Bohr's theory
E. Electron configurations and quantum mechanical model of the atom
F. Groups & trends in the periodic table
Electromagnetic radiation: light, wavelength, photons
H. Types of particles emited during radioactive decay
I.  Half-life and radioactive decay
J. Background radiation and annual exposure
K. Radioactivity and radon caused cancer risk, radon-222 decay, half-life and exposure

4. Ionic Compounds
A. Valence electrons and periodic table
B. Lewis dot formulas, anions and cations
C. Ionic bonds, examples, properties.
D. Ions and the octet rule
E. Ion formation and the ionic bond
F. Polyatomic ions, electron dot formulas, bonding, naming polyatomic ions
G.Formulas for compounds from ion charges
F. How to name simple ions
F. Names for acids, bases and ionic compounds

5. Molecular Compounds
A. Valence electrons, Lewis dot formula for covalent compounds
B. Covalent single, double and triple bonds
C. Lewis dot formulas for molecules and ions
D. The covalent bond: dot structures and VSEPR theory
E. Electronegativity, polar bonds and polar molecules
F. Nomenclature of simple compounds & consumer products

6. Introduction to Chemical Calculations and Chemical Equations
A. Compounds and the chemical formula
B. Avogadro's number and the mole
C. Balancing chemical equations, stoichiometry
D. Mole to mole calculations
E. Mass to mass predicted yields and limiting reagents
F. Resources and conservation of matter

7. Chemical reactions: reaction speed, energy changes & equilibrium
A. Heat effects
B. Exothermic and endothermic
C. Driving forces for reactions
D. Speed of reactions: catalysts, concentration, temperature
E. Equilibrium
F. Equilibrium conditions and constants
G. LeChatelier's Principle: effects on equilibrium

8. Gases, Liquids and Solids
A. States of matter and physical change
B. Kinetic theory
C. Gas pressure
D. Gas laws
E. Attractions between molecules
F. Liquid properties: evaporation, boiling, freezing

9. Solutions
A. Hydrogen bonding and the polarity of water
B. The dissolving process
C. Solution concentrations
D. Solubility and equilibrium: saturated, unsaturated, insoluble
E. Electrolytes, nonelectrolytes, and weak electrolytes
F. Solution stoichiometry
G. Properties of solutions
H. Osmosis and dialysis

10. Water and Solutions
A. Acids & bases definitions: What makes an acid or base?
B. Common acids & bases
C. Strength of acids and bases
D. Dissociation equilibrium constants for acids
E. Dissociation of water, Kw
F. pH definition and uses
G. Equivalents and normality, N
H. Neutralization
I. Acid-base titration
J. Buffers